Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

Inherited human complement C3 deficiency. An amino acid substitution in the beta-chain (Asp549 to Asn) impairs C3 secretion.

Singer L., Whitehead W.T., Akama H., Katz Y., Fishelson Z., Wetsel R.A.

We recently described a case of hereditary complement C3 deficiency (C3D) in a New Zealand male who has a small amount of serum C3 (7 micrograms/ml), a normal size 5.2-kilobase C3 mRNA that is present in normal quantities, and a normal size M(r) 180,000 proC3 molecule that is synthesized in normal amounts. Secretion of C3 from this patient's cells was greatly diminished, however, and an aberrant C3 trypsin cleavage profile indicated an abnormality in the proC3 structure. To determine the primary structure of the C3D proC3 molecule, the corresponding cDNA was cloned and sequenced in the present study, revealing a normal signal peptide, tetraarginine linker, and thiolester domain. One nucleotide substitution in exon 13 (G1705 AC to AAC) was found, however, that resulted in an amino acid change in a highly conserved region of the C3 beta-chain (Asp549 to Asn). This substitution has not been described in any individual with either C3 Fast or C3 Slow phenotypes. Immunoprecipitation of C3 from L-cells transfected with full-length normal and C3D cDNAs demonstrated that C3 was secreted by the cells transfected with the normal C3 cDNA; however, only a C3 precursor was detected in the intracellular compartment of the cells transfected with the C3D cDNA and none detected extracellularly. Immunofluorescence studies revealed a perinuclear localization of C3 in the C3D transfectants, arrested early in the secretory pathway. Allele-specific polymerase chain reaction analysis demonstrated that this New Zealand family is a compound heterozygous C3D kindred, with the Asn549 point mutation being inherited from the mother and a yet undescribed C3 defect being inherited from the father. Taken together, these data indicate that 1) C3 deficiency is caused in a New Zealand kindred by two distinct molecular genetic mutations, one being an amino acid substitution in a highly conserved region of the beta-chain that results in impaired C3 secretion, and 2) the molecular basis of this deficiency has not been described in any other C3-deficient individual, providing additional evidence that multiple defects cause inherited C3 deficiency in humans.

J. Biol. Chem. 269:28494-28499(1994) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again