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Differential CNS expression of alternative mRNA isoforms of the mammalian genes encoding cAMP-specific phosphodiesterases.

Bolger G.B., Rodgers L., Riggs M.

To study alternative splicing and tissue-specific expression of the mammalian genes encoding type-IV cAMP-specific phosphodiesterases, which are homologs of the dnc learning and memory gene of Drosophila melanogaster, we cloned seven cDNAs from four rat loci (PDE1, PDE2, PDE3 and PDE4) homologous to dnc. The deduced amino-acid sequences of the proteins encoded by the rat loci were shown to have a 1:1 correspondence with those encoded by the four human dnc homologs. The proteins encoded by at least one cDNA from each of the four rat loci contained novel N-terminal upstream conserved regions (UCR1 and UCR2), described previously in proteins encoded by the human dnc homologs and by dnc. cDNAs from three of the rat loci (PDE2, PDE3 and PDE4) had a structure consistent with alternative splicing of the 5' coding regions of their respective mRNAs. UCR1, and in one case a portion of UCR2, were absent in one of the alternatively spliced transcripts from these three loci. RNase protection analysis showed that the rat PDE3 and PDE4 loci were each expressed at relatively constant levels in multiple regions of the brain, while PDE2 transcripts were more abundant in temporal cortex and brainstem. One of the alternatively spliced mRNAs from the PDE4 locus was relatively more abundant in temporal cortex and cerebellum. One alternatively spliced transcript from the PDE3 locus was expressed more abundantly in parietal cortex. Both of the alternatively spliced transcripts from the human DPDE4 locus (the homolog of rat PDE4) were expressed in temporal cortex.

Gene 149:237-244(1994) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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