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Genetic basis of the silent phenotype of serum butyrylcholinesterase in three compound heterozygotes.

Maekawa M., Sudo K., Kanno T., Kotani K., Dey D.C., Ishikawa J., Izumi M., Etoh K.

Three Japanese patients showed very low butyrylcholinesterase activity in their sera and appeared to be homozygous for silent genes for butyrylcholinesterase. From DNA analysis, all three patients were compound heterozygotes: GGA(Gly) to CGA(Arg) at codon 365 (G365R) and TTC(Phe) to TCC(Ser) at codon 418 (F418S) in patient 1, G365R and CGT(Arg) to TGT(Cys) at codon 515 (R515C) in patient 2 and ACT(Thr) to CCT(Pro) at codon 250 (T250P) and AGA(Arg) to TGA(Stop) at codon 465 (R465X) in patient 3. The K-variant, GCA(Ala) to ACA(Thr) at codon 539, was also found in patients 1 and 2. Simple identification methods for all the mutations were developed and applied to family analysis and control individuals. The mutant alleles (with silent gene and K-variant) were segregated as predicted by theory in pedigrees of patients 1 and 2. Four of the mutations, F418S, R515C, T250P and R465X, were initially discovered in Japan and genetic heterogeneity among the human population for the butyrylcholinesterase gene was suggested.

Clin. Chim. Acta 235:41-57(1995) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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