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Molecular cloning and characterization of double-stranded cDNA coding for bovine chymosin.

Moir D., Mao J., Schumm J.W., Vovis G.F., Alford B.L., Taunton-Rigby A.

A full-length cDNA copy of the mRNA encoding calf chymosin (also known as rennin), a proteolytic enzyme with commercial importance in the manufacture of cheese, has been cloned in an f1 bacteriophage vector. The nucleotide sequence of the cDNA was determined, and translation of that sequence into amino acids predicts that the zymogen prochymosin is actually synthesized in vivo as preprochymosin with a 16 amino acid signal peptide. In vitro translation of total poly(A)-enriched RNA from the calf fourth stomach (abomasum) and immunoprecipitation with antichymosin antiserum revealed that a form of chymosin (probably preprochymosin judging from the Mr-value) is the major in vitro translation product of RNA from that tissue. Gel-transfer hybridization of restriction endonuclease-cleaved bovine chromosomal DNA with labeled cDNA probes indicated that the two known forms of chymosin, A and B, must be products of two different alleles of a single chymosin gene.

Gene 19:127-138(1982) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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