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Ammodytoxin A, a highly lethal phospholipase A2 from Vipera ammodytes ammodytes venom.

Ritonja A., Gubensek F.

The amino acid sequence of ammodytoxin A, the most toxic presynaptically active phospholipase A2 isolated from Vipera ammodytes ammodytes venom, was determined. The primary structure was deduced from peptides obtained by Staphylococcus aureus proteinase and trypsin digestion of reduced and carboxymethylated protein and from the automated Edman degradation of the N-terminal part of the non-reduced molecule. According to the sequence, the enzyme classifies to the subgroup IIA of the phospholipase A2 family of enzymes. The location of basic residues believed to be responsible for the toxic activity of presynaptically active phospholipases differs substantially from those in the highly toxic enzymes of other subgroups. Comparison of the sequence with sequences of other snake venom enzymes indicates that the toxic site(s) may not be the same in all subgroups of presynaptically active phospholipases.

Biochim. Biophys. Acta 828:306-312(1985) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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