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Erythroid differentiation factor is encoded by the same mRNA as that of the inhibin beta A chain.

Murata M., Eto Y., Shibai H., Sakai M., Muramatsu M.

We have isolated a protein that exhibits a potent differentiation-inducing activity toward mouse Friend erythroleukemia (MEL) cells and human K-562 cells. The protein, designated erythroid differentiation factor (EDF), was found in the culture fluid of human THP-1 cells that had been treated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. EDF is a homodimer with a Mr of 25,000; the Mr of the monomer is 15,500. cDNA clones encoding the Mr 15,500 subunit of EDF from THP-1 libraries were isolated and sequenced. Surprisingly, the sequence of EDF mRNA is identical to that for the beta A subunit of inhibin, a gonadal protein that suppresses the secretion of pituitary follicle-stimulating hormone. Southern blot analysis indicates that only one gene for EDF/inhibin beta A exists in the human genome. When the EDF subunit cDNA was linked to a simian virus 40 expression vector containing the dihydrofolate reductase gene and transfected into Chinese hamster ovary dihydrofolate reductase negative cells, the transformants began to secrete EDF, demonstrating that the cDNA actually encoded the EDF subunit.

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 85:2434-2438(1988) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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