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Structure, biosynthesis, and glycosylation of human small intestinal maltase-glucoamylase.

Naim H.Y., Sterchi E.E., Lentze M.J.

Maltase-glucoamylase (MGA) was immunoprecipitated from detergent extracts of brush border membranes of the human small intestinal mucosa. Electrophoretic analysis of the precipitates under denaturing conditions revealed a single polypeptide of Mr = 335,000 in the presence or absence of reducing agents. Cross-linking of brush border membranes with the homobifunctional reagent dithiobis(succinimidylpropionate) did not result in considerable changes in the electrophoretic pattern of MGA. In contrast, aminopeptidase N, used in these studies as a control glycoprotein of the brush border membrane revealed dimeric structures of its single subunit in the presence of dithiobis(succinimidylpropionate). These data suggest that MGA is expressed in the human small intestinal brush border as a monomeric polypeptide. The biosynthesis of MGA was studied by pulse-labeling of human intestinal biopsy specimens or mucosal explants in organ culture. Continuous labeling with [35S]methionine for 30 min revealed a single polypeptide high mannose precursor of Mr = 285,000 (MGAh) which matures after 4 h of labeling to the Mr = 335,000 as judged by the susceptibility of these two forms to endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase H. Owing to the absence of pancreatic secretions in the culture medium and the isolation of an identical species from nonlabeled mucosa, this result indicates that the Mr = 335,000 does not undergo an in situ extracellular cleavage by intraluminal proteases. Further, biosynthetically labeled, intracellularly cleaved polypeptides corresponding to the high mannose precursor or mature forms of MGA were not detected. The mature form of MGA (MGAm) bears in addition to N-linked glycans also O-glycosidically linked oligosaccharides. In fact, endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase F/glycopeptidase F treatment of MGAm followed by chemical deglycosylation with trifluoromethanesulfonic acid revealed approximately 35,000 daltons of O-linked sugars. Furthermore, MGAm as well as its N-linked sugars-depleted form bound to Helix pomatia lectin which has specificity toward Gal-GalNAc structures. In addition, the data were suggestive of a post-translational O-glycosylation of the molecule since (i) the high mannose precursor of MGA did not bind to H. pomatia lectin and (ii) its endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase H or endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase F/glycopeptidase F form displayed an apparent molecular weight similar to that obtained upon endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase F/glycopeptidase F/trifluoromethanesulfonic acid deglycosylation. Finally, pulse-chase experiments revealed a relatively slow rate of post-translational processing of MGA in comparison to aminopeptidase N.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

J. Biol. Chem. 263:19709-19717(1988) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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