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Channel Binds Hemagglutinin and Mediates Influenza A Virus Entry into Mammalian Cells.

Fujioka Y., Nishide S., Ose T., Suzuki T., Kato I., Fukuhara H., Fujioka M., Horiuchi K., Satoh A.O., Nepal P., Kashiwagi S., Wang J., Horiguchi M., Sato Y., Paudel S., Nanbo A., Miyazaki T., Hasegawa H., Maenaka K., Ohba Y.

Influenza A virus (IAV) infection is initiated by the attachment of the viral glycoprotein hemagglutinin (HA) to sialic acid on the host cell surface. However, the sialic acid-containing receptor crucial for IAV infection has remained unidentified. Here, we show that HA binds to the voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel Cav1.2 to trigger intracellular Ca2+ oscillations and subsequent IAV entry and replication. IAV entry was inhibited by Ca2+ channel blockers (CCBs) or by knockdown of Cav1.2. The CCB diltiazem also inhibited virus replication in vivo. Reintroduction of wild-type but not the glycosylation-deficient mutants of Cav1.2 restored Ca2+ oscillations and virus infection in Cav1.2-depleted cells, demonstrating the significance of Cav1.2 sialylation. Taken together, we identify Cav1.2 as a sialylated host cell surface receptor that binds HA and is critical for IAV entry.

Cell Host Microbe 23:809-818(2018) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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