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A disease-associated mutation in the adhesion GPCR BAI2 (ADGRB2) increases receptor signaling activity.

Purcell R.H., Toro C., Gahl W.A., Hall R.A.

Mutations in G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that increase constitutive signaling activity can cause human disease. A de novo C-terminal mutation (R1465W) in the adhesion GPCR BAI2 (also known as ADGRB2) was identified in a patient suffering from progressive spastic paraparesis and other neurological symptoms. In vitro studies revealed that this mutation strongly increases the constitutive signaling activity of an N-terminally cleaved form of BAI2, which represents the activated form of the receptor. Further studies dissecting the mechanism(s) underling this effect revealed that wild-type BAI2 primarily couples to Gαz , with the R1465W mutation conferring increased coupling to Gαi . The R1465W mutation also increases the total and surface expression of BAI2. The mutation has no effect on receptor binding to β-arrestins, but does perturb binding to the endocytic protein endophilin A1, identified here as a novel interacting partner for BAI2. These studies provide new insights into the signaling capabilities of the adhesion GPCR BAI2/ADGRB2 and shed light on how an apparent gain-of-function mutation to the receptor's C-terminus may lead to human disease.

Hum. Mutat. 38:1751-1760(2017) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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