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Lysosomal processing of progranulin.

Zhou X., Paushter D.H., Feng T., Sun L., Reinheckel T., Hu F.

BACKGROUND:Mutations resulting in progranulin (PGRN) haploinsufficiency cause frontotemporal lobar degeneration with TDP-43-positive inclusions (FTLD-TDP), a devastating neurodegenerative disease. PGRN is localized to the lysosome and important for proper lysosome function. However, the metabolism of PGRN in the lysosome is still unclear. RESULTS:Here, we report that PGRN is processed into ~10 kDa peptides intracellularly in multiple cell types and tissues and this processing is dependent on lysosomal activities. PGRN endocytosed from the extracellular space is also processed in a similar manner. We further demonstrated that multiple cathepsins are involved in PGRN processing and cathepsin L cleaves PGRN in vitro. CONCLUSIONS:Our data support that PGRN is processed in the lysosome through the actions of cathepsins.

Mol. Neurodegener. 12:62-62(2017) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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