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Local generation of fumarate promotes DNA repair through inhibition of histone H3 demethylation.

Jiang Y., Qian X., Shen J., Wang Y., Li X., Liu R., Xia Y., Chen Q., Peng G., Lin S.Y., Lu Z.

Histone methylation regulates DNA repair. However, the mechanisms that underlie the regulation of histone methylation during this repair remain to be further defined. Here, we show that exposure to ionizing radiation induces DNA-PK-dependent phosphorylation of nuclear fumarase at Thr 236, which leads to an interaction between fumarase and the histone variant H2A.Z at DNA double-strand break (DSB) regions. Locally generated fumarate inhibits KDM2B histone demethylase activity, resulting in enhanced dimethylation of histone H3 Lys 36; in turn, this increases the accumulation of the Ku70-containing DNA-PK at DSB regions for non-homologous end-joining DNA repair and cell survival. These findings reveal a feedback mechanism that underlies DNA-PK regulation by chromatin-associated fumarase and an instrumental function of fumarase in regulating histone H3 methylation and DNA repair.

Nat. Cell Biol. 17:1158-1168(2015) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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