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Nucleolar GTP-binding protein-1 (NGP-1) promotes G1 to S phase transition by activating cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21 Cip1/Waf1.

Datta D., Anbarasu K., Rajabather S., Priya R.S., Desai P., Mahalingam S.

Nucleolar GTP-binding protein (NGP-1) is overexpressed in various cancers and proliferating cells, but the functional significance remains unknown. In this study, we show that NGP-1 promotes G1 to S phase transition of cells by enhancing CDK inhibitor p21(Cip-1/Waf1) expression through p53. In addition, our results suggest that activation of the cyclin D1-CDK4 complex by NGP-1 via maintaining the stoichiometry between cyclin D1-CDK4 complex and p21 resulted in hyperphosphorylation of retinoblastoma protein at serine 780 (p-RB(Ser-780)) followed by the up-regulation of E2F1 target genes required to promote G1 to S phase transition. Furthermore, our data suggest that ribosomal protein RPL23A interacts with NGP-1 and abolishes NGP-1-induced p53 activity by enhancing Mdm2-mediated p53 polyubiquitination. Finally, reduction of p-RB(Ser-780) levels and E2F1 target gene expression upon ectopic expression of RPL23a resulted in arrest at the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Collectively, this investigation provides evidence that NGP-1 promotes cell cycle progression through the activation of the p53/p21(Cip-1/Waf1) pathway.

J. Biol. Chem. 290:21536-21552(2015) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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