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Cep68 can be regulated by Nek2 and SCF complex.

Man X., Megraw T.L., Lim Y.P.

Centrosome cohesion maintains centrosomes in close proximity until mitosis, when cell cycle-dependent regulatory signaling events dissolve cohesion and promote centrosome separation in preparation for bipolar spindle assembly at mitosis. Cohesion is regulated by the antagonistic activities of the mitotic NIMA-related kinase 2 (Nek2), protein phosphatase 1, the cohesion fiber components rootletin, centrosomal Nek2-associated protein 1 (C-Nap1) and Cep68. The centrosomal protein Cep68 is essential for centrosome cohesion and dissociates from centrosomes at the onset of mitosis. Here, our cell line studies show the C-terminal 300-400 amino acids of Cep68 are necessary to localize Cep68 to interphase centrosomes while C-terminal 400-500 amino acids might regulate Cep68 dissociation from centrosomes at mitotic onset. In addition, Nek2 was demonstrated to phosphorylate Cep68 in vivo and this phosphorylation appears to promote Cep68 degradation in mitosis. We further show that the SCF complex destroys Cep68 at mitosis through recognition by the beta-Trcp F box component of SCF. Together, the findings provide a new insight into the control of centrosome separation by Cep68 during mitosis.

Eur. J. Cell Biol. 94:162-172(2015) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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