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Global analysis of yeast mRNPs.

Mitchell S.F., Jain S., She M., Parker R.

Proteins regulate gene expression by controlling mRNA biogenesis, localization, translation and decay. Identifying the composition, diversity and function of mRNA-protein complexes (mRNPs) is essential to understanding these processes. In a global survey of Saccharomyces cerevisiae mRNA-binding proteins, we identified 120 proteins that cross-link to mRNA, including 66 new mRNA-binding proteins. These include kinases, RNA-modification enzymes, metabolic enzymes and tRNA- and rRNA-metabolism factors. These proteins show dynamic subcellular localization during stress, including assembly into stress granules and processing bodies (P bodies). Cross-linking and immunoprecipitation (CLIP) analyses of the P-body components Pat1, Lsm1, Dhh1 and Sbp1 identified sites of interaction on specific mRNAs, revealing positional binding preferences and co-assembly preferences. When taken together, this work defines the major yeast mRNP proteins, reveals widespread changes in their subcellular location during stress and begins to define assembly rules for P-body mRNPs.

Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol. 20:127-133(2013) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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