Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

SGTA antagonizes BAG6-mediated protein triage.

Leznicki P., High S.

The BAG6 complex was first identified as an upstream loading factor for tail-anchored membrane proteins entering the TRC40-dependent pathway for posttranslational delivery to the endoplasmic reticulum. Subsequently, BAG6 was shown to enhance the proteasomal degradation of mislocalized proteins by selectively promoting their ubiquitination. We now show that the BAG6-dependent ubiquitination of mislocalized proteins is completely reversible and identify a pivotal role for the small glutamine-rich tetratricopeptide repeat-containing protein α (SGTA) in specifically antagonizing this process. SGTA does not simply mask the exposed hydrophobic transmembrane domain of a mislocalized protein, thereby preventing BAG6 recruitment. Rather, SGTA actively promotes the deubiquitination of mislocalized proteins that are already covalently modified, thus reversing the actions of BAG6 and inhibiting its capacity to promote substrate-specific degradation. This SGTA-mediated effect is independent of its tetratricopeptide motifs, suggesting it does not require the actions of Hsp70 and Hsp90 chaperones. These data reveal that, in a cellular context, mislocalized protein ubiquitination is the result of a dynamic equilibrium reflecting competition between pathways that promote either protein maturation or degradation. The targeted perturbation of this equilibrium, achieved by increasing steady-state SGTA levels, results in a specific stabilization of a model mislocalized protein derived from the amyloid precursor protein, an effect that is completely negated by ensuring efficient precursor delivery to the endoplasmic reticulum. We speculate that a BAG6/SGTA cycle operates during protein maturation and quality control in the cytosol and that together these components dictate the fate of a specific subset of newly synthesized proteins.

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109:19214-19219(2012) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again