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Nuclear localization drives alpha1-adrenergic receptor oligomerization and signaling in cardiac myocytes.

Wright C.D., Wu S.C., Dahl E.F., Sazama A.J., O'Connell T.D.

Conventional models of G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling describe cell surface receptors binding to external ligands, such as hormones or circulating peptides, to induce intracellular signaling and a physiologic response. However, recent studies identify new paradigms indicating that GPCRs localize to and signal at the nucleus and that GPCR oligomers can influence receptor function. Previously, we reported that endogenous α1-adrenergic receptors (α1-ARs) localize to and signal at the nuclei in adult cardiac myocytes. In this study, we examined the mechanisms behind α1-AR nuclear localization and how nuclear localization impacted receptor function. We verified that endogenous α1-ARs localized to the nuclear membrane of intact nuclei isolated from wild-type adult cardiac myocytes. Next, we identified and disrupted putative nuclear localization sequences in both the α1A- and α1B-adrenergic receptors, which led to mis-localization of α1-ARs in cultured adult cardiac myocytes. Using these mutants, we demonstrated that nuclear localization was required for α1-signaling in adult cardiac myocytes. We also found that the nuclear export inhibitor leptomycin B inhibited α1-AR signaling, indicating α1-AR signaling must arise in the nucleus in adult cardiac myocytes. Finally, we found that co-localization of the α1-subtypes at the nuclei in adult cardiac myocytes facilitated the formation of receptor oligomers that could affect receptor signaling. In summary, our data indicate that α1-AR nuclear localization can drive the formation of receptor oligomers and regulate signaling in adult cardiac myocytes.

Cell. Signal. 24:794-802(2012) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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