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Arfaptins are localized to the trans-Golgi by interaction with Arl1, but not Arfs.

Man Z., Kondo Y., Koga H., Umino H., Nakayama K., Shin H.W.

Arfaptins (arfaptin-1 and arfaptin-2/POR1) were originally identified as binding partners of the Arf small GTPases. Both proteins contain a BAR (Bin/Amphiphysin/Rvs) domain, which participates in membrane deformation. Here we show that arfaptins associate with trans-Golgi membranes. Unexpectedly, Arl1 (Arf-like 1), but not Arfs, determines the trans-Golgi association of arfaptins. We also demonstrate that arfaptins interact with Arl1 through their BAR domain-containing region and compete for Arl1 binding with golgin-97 and golgin-245/p230, both of which also bind to Arl1 through their GRIP (golgin-97/RanBP2/Imh1p/p230) domains. However, arfaptins and these golgins show only limited colocalization at the trans-Golgi. Time-lapse imaging of cells overexpressing fluorescent protein-tagged arfaptins and golgin-97 reveals that arfaptins, but not golgin-97, are included in vesicular and tubular structures emanating from the Golgi region. These observations indicate that arfaptins are recruited onto trans-Golgi membranes by interacting with Arl1, and capable of inducing membrane deformation via their BAR domains.

J. Biol. Chem. 286:11569-11578(2011) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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