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Pharmacology of AM803, a novel selective five-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) inhibitor in rodent models of acute inflammation.

Lorrain D.S., Bain G., Correa L.D., Chapman C., Broadhead A.R., Santini A.M., Prodanovich P.P., Darlington J.V., Stock N.S., Zunic J., King C.D., Lee C., Baccei C.S., Stearns B., Roppe J., Hutchinson J.H., Prasit P., Evans J.F.

We evaluated the in vivo pharmacological properties of AM803 3-[3-tert-butylsulfanyl-1-[4-(6-ethoxy-pyridin-3-yl)-benzyl]-5-(5-methyl-pyridin-2-ylmethoxy)-1H-indol-2-yl]-2,2-dimethyl-propionic acid, a selective five-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) inhibitor, using rat and mouse models of acute inflammation. Oral administration of AM803 (1 mg/kg) resulted in sustained inhibition of ex vivo ionophore-challenged whole blood LTB4 biosynthesis with >90% inhibition for up to 12 h and an EC50 of approximately 7 nM. When rat lungs were challenged in vivo with calcium-ionophore, AM803 inhibited LTB4 and cysteinyl leukotriene (CysLT) production with ED50s of 0.12 mg/kg and 0.37 mg/kg, respectively. The inhibition measured 16 h following a single oral dose of 3 mg/kg was 86% and 41% for LTB4 and CysLTs, respectively. In an acute inflammation setting, AM803 dose-dependently reduced LTB4, CysLTs, plasma protein extravasation and neutrophil influx induced by peritoneal zymosan injection. Finally, AM803 increased survival time in mice exposed to a lethal intravenous injection of platelet activating factor (PAF). The magnitude of effect was similar to that of an inhibitor of five-lipoxygenase (5-LO) and LTA4 hydrolase but superior to a leukotriene CysLT1 receptor antagonist. In summary, AM803 is a novel, potent and selective FLAP inhibitor that has excellent pharmacodynamic properties in vivo and is effective in animal models of acute inflammation and in a model of lethal shock.

Eur. J. Pharmacol. 640:211-218(2010) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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