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The RIG-I-like receptor IFIH1/MDA5 is a dermatomyositis-specific autoantigen identified by the anti-CADM-140 antibody.

Nakashima R., Imura Y., Kobayashi S., Yukawa N., Yoshifuji H., Nojima T., Kawabata D., Ohmura K., Usui T., Fujii T., Okawa K., Mimori T.

Various autoantibodies are detected in the sera of PM/DM patients. Some of them are specific to PM/DM patients and closely associated with clinical manifestations of the diseases. Recently, the anti-CADM-140 antibody was reported to be found specifically in clinically amyopathic DM (C-ADM) patients and to be associated with acute interstitial lung disease (ILD). We assessed the clinical significance of the anti-CADM-140 antibody and then investigated the autoantigen recognized by the anti-CADM-140 antibody.Autoantibodies were screened in 192 patients with various CTDs and 21 healthy controls using immunoprecipitation with [(35)S]methionine-labelled HeLa cells. Immunoabsorbent column chromatography was used to purify an autoantigen that was subsequently subjected to peptide mass fingerprinting.The anti-CADM-140 antibody was revealed to be specific to DM. Most of the anti-CADM-140-positive patients were C-ADM although some of them showed apparent myositis. The anti-CADM-140-positive patients frequently showed hyperferritinaemia and acute progressive ILD with poor prognosis. The anti-CADM-140 antibody was shown to recognize IFN induced with helicase C domain protein 1 (IFIH1), also known as the melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5), which is one of the RIG-I-like receptors and plays a role in innate immune responses.The anti-CADM-140 antibody was a marker of DM and intractable ILD and recognized IFIH1/MDA5, which is involved in innate immunity. These findings may give a new insight into the pathogenesis of DM.

Rheumatology 49:433-440(2010) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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