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Substitution of Ile-172 to Asn in the steroid 21-hydroxylase B (P450c21B) gene in a Finnish patient with the simple virilizing form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

Partanen J., Campbell R.D.

The steroid 21-hydroxylase enzyme (P450c21) is a member of the cytochrome P450 gene superfamily and is essential in the synthesis of cortisol and aldosterone. Defects in the P450c21B gene cause congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), a common genetic disorder leading to virilization of newborn females. To avoid the standard cloning of mutant P450c21 genes from genomic libraries, we amplified the full-length genomic P450c21 genes by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The amplification was followed by cloning and sequencing of a defective P450c21B gene. The strategy described here is generally applicable, thus making a simple characterization of the complete P450c21B gene possible. The method was tested in one patient suffering from the simple virilizing form of CAH. The sequence of three independent clones originating from the defective P450c21B showed that Ile at position 172 in exon 4 was substituted by Asn. The identical mutation also has been found in other patients with CAH.

Hum. Genet. 87:716-720(1991) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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