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Plasma MR-proADM correlates to BMI and decreases in relation to leptin after gastric bypass surgery.

Vila G., Riedl M., Maier C., Struck J., Morgenthaler N.G., Handisurya A., Prager G., Ludvik B., Clodi M., Luger A.

Adrenomedullin (ADM) is a vasoactive peptide found to be related to obesity and its comorbidities: type 2 diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis, and coronary heart disease. ADM is increased both in plasma and in adipose tissue of obese individuals when compared to lean subjects and is considered as a member of the adipokine family. We determined plasma midregional proadrenomedullin (MR-proADM) concentrations in a cohort of 357 subjects with BMI ranging from 17.5 to 42.3 kg/m2 and no additional medical history. In parallel, 28 severely obese patients scheduled to undergo laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery were studied at two time points: before and 1 year after surgery. Outcome measurements were: MR-proADM, cortisol, leptin, C-reactive protein (CRP) thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), creatinine and metabolic parameters. BMI correlated significantly to plasma MR-proADM levels (r=0.714, P<0.001), also after adjustment for age and gender (r=0.767, P<0.001). In obese subjects, there was a positive relationship between MR-proADM and leptin (r=0.511, P=0.006). Following RYGB, plasma MR-proADM decreased from 0.76+/-0.03 to 0.62+/-0.02 pg/ml (P<0.0001). RYGB-induced changes in MR-proADM correlated significantly to changes in leptin (r=0.533, P=0.004) and in CRP (r=0.429, P=0.023). We conclude that BMI is an independent predictor of circulating MR-proADM levels. Weight loss after RYGB is associated with a significant decrease in plasma MR-proADM, which is related to surgery-induced changes in both circulating leptin and systemic inflammation.

Obesity (Silver Spring) 17:1184-1188(2009) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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