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Nonmuscle myosin light-chain kinase mediates neutrophil transmigration in sepsis-induced lung inflammation by activating beta2 integrins.

Xu J., Gao X.-P., Ramchandran R., Zhao Y.-Y., Vogel S.M., Malik A.B.

Nonmuscle myosin light-chain kinase (MYLK) mediates increased lung vascular endothelial permeability in lipopolysaccharide-induced lung inflammatory injury, the chief cause of the acute respiratory distress syndrome. In a lung injury model, we demonstrate here that MYLK was also essential for neutrophil transmigration, but that this function was mostly independent of myosin II regulatory light chain, the only known substrate of MYLK. Instead, MYLK in neutrophils was required for the recruitment and activation of the tyrosine kinase Pyk2, which mediated full activation of beta(2) integrins. Our results demonstrate that MYLK-mediated activation of beta(2) integrins through Pyk2 links beta(2) integrin signaling to the actin motile machinery of neutrophils.

Nat. Immunol. 9:880-886(2008) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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