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Acetylation and deacetylation regulate CCAAT/enhancer binding protein beta at K39 in mediating gene transcription.

Cesena T.I., Cui T.X., Subramanian L., Fulton C.T., Iniguez-Lluhi J.A., Kwok R.P., Schwartz J.

The transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer binding protein beta (C/EBPbeta) contains multiple acetylation sites, including lysine (K) 39. Mutation of C/EBPbeta at K39, an acetylation site in the transcriptional activation domain, impairs transcription of C/EBPbeta target genes in a dominant-negative fashion. Further, K39 of C/EBPbeta can be deacetylated by HDAC1, and HDAC1 may decrease C/EBPbeta-mediated transcription, suggesting that acetylation of C/EBPbeta at K39 is dynamically regulated in mediating gene transcription. Acetylation of endogenous C/EBPbeta at K39 is detected in adipose tissue, and also occurs in 3T3-L1 cells undergoing adipocyte conversion. In addition, mutation of K39 in C/EBPbeta impairs activation of its target genes encoding C/EBPalpha and PPARgamma, essential mediators of adipogenesis, as well as adipocyte genes for leptin and Glut4. These findings suggest that acetylation of C/EBPbeta at K39 is an important and dynamic regulatory event that contributes to its ability to transactivate target genes, including those associated with adipogenesis and adipocyte function.

Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. 289:94-101(2008) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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