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A mammalian protein kinase with potential for serine/threonine and tyrosine phosphorylation is related to cell cycle regulators.

Ben-David Y., Letwin K., Tannock L., Bernstein A., Pawson T.

In a screen of mouse erythroleukemia cDNA expression libraries with anti-phosphotyrosine antibodies, designed to isolate tyrosine kinase coding sequences, we identified several cDNAs encoding proteins identical or very similar to known protein-tyrosine kinases. However, two frequently isolated cDNAs, clk and nek, encode proteins which are most closely related to protein kinases involved in regulating progression through the cell cycle, and contain motifs generally considered diagnostic of protein-serine/threonine kinases. The clk gene product contains a C-terminal cdc2-like kinase domain, most similar to the FUS3 catalytic domain. The Clk protein, expressed in bacteria, becomes efficiently phosphorylated in vitro on tyrosine as well as serine/threonine, and phosphorylates the exogenous substrate poly(glu, tyr) on tyrosine. Direct biochemical evidence indicates that both protein-tyrosine and protein-serine/threonine kinase activities are intrinsic to the Clk catalytic domain. These results suggest the existence of a novel class of protein kinases, with an unusual substrate specificity, which may be involved in cell cycle control.

EMBO J. 10:317-325(1991) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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