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Studies on membrane-associated prostaglandin E synthase-2 with reference to production of 12L-hydroxy-5,8,10-heptadecatrienoic acid (HHT).

Watanabe K., Ito S., Yamamoto S.

Membrane-associated prostaglandin (PG) E synthase (mPGE synthase)-2 catalyzes the conversion of PGH(2) primarily to PGE(2). The enzyme is activated by various sulfhydryl reagents including dithiothreitol, dihydrolipoic acid, and glutathione, and it is different from mPGE synthase-1 and cytosolic PGE synthase, both of which require specifically glutathione. Recently, other investigators reported that their preparation of mPGE synthase-2 containing heme converted PGH(2) to 12L-hydroxy-5,8,10-heptadecatrienoic acid (HHT) rather than to PGE(2) [T. Yamada, F. Takusagawa, Biochemistry 46 (2007) 8414-8424]. As we examined presently, the heme-bound enzyme expressed and purified according to their method synthesized HHT from PGH(2), but also PGE(2) in a decreased amount. Whereas the PGE synthase activity was completely lost at 50 degrees C for 5 min, the HHT synthase activity remained even at 100 degrees C for 5 min. In contrast, when the heme-bound enzyme was purified in the presence of dithiothreitol, only PGE(2) was produced, but essentially no HHT was detected. Thus, native mPGE synthase-2 enzymatically catalyzes only the conversion of PGH(2) to PGE(2), but not to HHT, and heme is not involved in this reaction.

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 367:782-786(2008) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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