Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

HIV protease inhibitors block the zinc metalloproteinase ZMPSTE24 and lead to an accumulation of prelamin A in cells.

Coffinier C., Hudon S.E., Farber E.A., Chang S.Y., Hrycyna C.A., Young S.G., Fong L.G.

HIV protease inhibitors (HIV-PIs) target the HIV aspartyl protease, which cleaves the HIV gag-pol polyprotein into shorter proteins required for the production of new virions. HIV-PIs are a cornerstone of treatment for HIV but have been associated with lipodystrophy and other side effects. In both human and mouse fibroblasts, we show that HIV-PIs caused an accumulation of prelamin A. The prelamin A in HIV-PI-treated fibroblasts migrated more rapidly than nonfarnesylated prelamin A, comigrating with the farnesylated form of prelamin A that accumulates in ZMPSTE24-deficient fibroblasts. The accumulation of farnesyl-prelamin A in response to HIV-PI treatment was exaggerated in fibroblasts heterozygous for Zmpste24 deficiency. HIV-PIs inhibited the endoproteolytic processing of a GFP-prelamin A fusion protein. The HIV-PIs did not affect the farnesylation of HDJ-2, nor did they inhibit protein farnesyltransferase in vitro. HIV-PIs also did not inhibit the activities of the isoprenyl-cysteine carboxyl methyltransferase ICMT or the prenylprotein endoprotease RCE1 in vitro, but they did inhibit ZMPSTE24 (IC(50): lopinavir, 18.4 +/- 4.6 microM; tipranavir, 1.2 +/-0.4 microM). We conclude that the HIV-PIs inhibit ZMPSTE24, leading to an accumulation of farnesyl-prelamin A. The inhibition of ZMPSTE24 by HIV-PIs could play a role in the side effects of these drugs.

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104:13432-13437(2007) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again