Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

Prostatic acid phosphatase is not a prostate specific target.

Quintero I.B., Araujo C.L., Pulkka A.E., Wirkkala R.S., Herrala A.M., Eskelinen E.-L., Jokitalo E., Hellstroem P.A., Tuominen H.J., Hirvikoski P.P., Vihko P.T.

Prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) is currently evaluated as a target for vaccine immunotherapy of prostate cancer. This is based on the previous knowledge about secretory PAP and its high prostatic expression. We describe a novel PAP spliced variant mRNA encoding a type I transmembrane (TM) protein with the extracellular NH(2)-terminal phosphatase activity and the COOH-terminal lysosomal targeting signal (YxxPhi). TM-PAP is widely expressed in nonprostatic tissues like brain, kidney, liver, lung, muscle, placenta, salivary gland, spleen, thyroid, and thymus. TM-PAP is also expressed in fibroblast, Schwann, and LNCaP cells, but not in PC-3 cells. In well-differentiated human prostate cancer tissue specimens, the expression of secretory PAP, but not TM-PAP, is significantly decreased. TM-PAP is localized in the plasma membrane-endosomal-lysosomal pathway and is colocalized with the lipid raft marker flotillin-1. No cytosolic PAP is detected. We conclude that the wide expression of TM-PAP in, for instance, neuronal and muscle tissues must be taken into account in the design of PAP-based immunotherapy approaches.

Cancer Res. 67:6549-6554(2007) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again