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Involvement of heat shock protein (Hsp)90 beta but not Hsp90 alpha in antiapoptotic effect of CpG-B oligodeoxynucleotide.

Kuo C.C., Liang C.M., Lai C.Y., Liang S.M.

Unmethylated CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG ODNs) activate immune responses in a TLR9-dependent manner. In this study, we found that stimulation of mouse macrophages and dendritic cells with B-type CpG ODN (CpG-B ODN) increased the cellular level of heat shock protein (Hsp) 90beta but not Hsp90alpha and prevented apoptosis induced by serum starvation or staurosporine treatment. The CpG-B ODN-induced Hsp90beta expression depended on TLR9, MyD88, and PI3K. Inhibition of Hsp90beta level by expressing small-interfering RNA suppressed not only Hsp90beta expression but also PI3K-dependent phosphorylation of Akt and CpG-B ODN-mediated antiapoptosis. Additional studies demonstrated that as described by other group in mast cells, Hsp90beta but not Hsp90alpha was associated with Bcl-2. Inhibition of Hsp90beta suppressed the CpG-B ODN-induced association of Hsp90beta with Bcl-2 and impaired the inhibitory effect of CpG-B ODN in the release of cytochrome c and activation of caspase-3. This study thus reveals the involvement of Hsp90beta but not Hsp90alpha in CpG-B ODN-mediated antiapoptotic response and that Hsp90beta is distinct from Hsp90alpha in regulation of the cellular function of immune cells.

J. Immunol. 178:6100-6108(2007) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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