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Negative regulation of the RIG-I signaling by the ubiquitin ligase RNF125.

Arimoto K., Takahashi H., Hishiki T., Konishi H., Fujita T., Shimotohno K.

Retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) plays a pivotal role in the regulation of cytokine production induced by pathogens. The RIG-I also augments the production of IFN and other cytokines via an amplification circuit. Because the production of cytokines is closely controlled, up- and down-regulation of RIG-I signaling also needs strict regulation. The mechanism of this regulation, however, remains elusive. Here, we found that RIG-I undergoes proteasomal degradation after conjugation to ubiquitin by RNF125. Further, RNF125 conjugates ubiquitin to MDA5, a family protein of RIG-I as well as IPS-1, which is also a downstream protein of RIG-I signaling that results in suppressing the functions of these proteins. Because RNF125 is enhanced by IFN, these functions constitute a negative regulatory loop circuit for IFN production.

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104:7500-7505(2007) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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