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Molecular interaction between fukutin and POMGnT1 in the glycosylation pathway of alpha-dystroglycan.

Xiong H., Kobayashi K., Tachikawa M., Manya H., Takeda S., Chiyonobu T., Fujikake N., Wang F., Nishimoto A., Morris G.E., Nagai Y., Kanagawa M., Endo T., Toda T.

The recent identification of mutations in genes encoding demonstrated or putative glycosyltransferases has revealed a novel mechanism for congenital muscular dystrophy. Hypoglycosylated alpha-dystroglycan (alpha-DG) is commonly seen in Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD), muscle-eye-brain disease (MEB), Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS), and Large(myd) mice. POMGnT1 and POMTs, the gene products responsible for MEB and WWS, respectively, synthesize unique O-mannose sugar chains on alpha-DG. The function of fukutin, the gene product responsible for FCMD, remains undetermined. Here we show that fukutin co-localizes with POMGnT1 in the Golgi apparatus. Direct interaction between fukutin and POMGnT1 was confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation and two-hybrid analyses. The transmembrane region of fukutin mediates its localization to the Golgi and participates in the interaction with POMGnT1. Y371C, a missense mutation found in FCMD, retains fukutin in the ER and also redirects POMGnT1 to the ER. Finally, we demonstrate reduced POMGnT1 enzymatic activity in transgenic knock-in mice carrying the retrotransposal insertion in the fukutin gene, the prevalent mutation in FCMD. From these findings, we propose that fukutin forms a complex with POMGnT1 and may modulate its enzymatic activity.

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 350:935-941(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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