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Structural basis for Rab11-mediated recruitment of FIP3 to recycling endosomes.

Eathiraj S., Mishra A., Prekeris R., Lambright D.G.

The Rab11 GTPase regulates recycling of internalized plasma membrane receptors and is essential for completion of cytokinesis. A family of Rab11 interacting proteins (FIPs) that conserve a C-terminal Rab-binding domain (RBD) selectively recognize the active form of Rab11. Normal completion of cytokinesis requires a complex between Rab11 and FIP3. Here, we report the crystal structure and mutational analysis of a heterotetrameric complex between constitutively active Rab11 and a FIP3 construct that includes the RBD. Two Rab11 molecules bind to dyad symmetric sites at the C terminus of FIP3, which forms a non-canonical coiled-coiled dimer with a flared C terminus and hook region. The RBD overlaps with the coiled coil and extends through the C-terminal hook. Although FIP3 engages the switch and interswitch regions of Rab11, the mode of interaction differs significantly from that of other Rab-effector complexes. In particular, the switch II region undergoes a large structural rearrangement from an ordered but non-complementary active conformation to a remodeled conformation that facilitates the interaction with FIP3. Finally, we provide evidence that FIP3 can form homo-oligomers in cells, and that a critical determinant of Rab11 binding in vitro is necessary for FIP3 recruitment to recycling endosomes during cytokinesis.

J. Mol. Biol. 364:121-135(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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