Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

HIF-1alpha and EPAS ubiquitination mediated by the VHL tumour suppressor involves flexibility in the ubiquitination mechanism, similar to other RING E3 ligases.

Paltoglou S., Roberts B.J.

Hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1alpha) degradation under normoxia is critical to modulating vascular growth. This degradation is mediated during normoxia by the von Hippel-Lindau tumour suppressor protein (VHL)-E3 ubiquitin ligase in partnership with the E2 enzyme UbcH5. In current models of the functionally similar Skp1, cullin, F-box (SCF)-E3 ligase, the E3 binds the target protein and the E2 catalyses ubiquitin transfer to lysines in an appropriately positioned domain. In the present study, we report that for efficient ubiquitination of HIF-1alpha to occur, three conserved lysines are required in both the HIF-1alpha and endothelial Per-ARNT-Sim domain protein (EPAS) sequences. The site of ubiquitin attachment via UbcH5 was mapped, and is shown to involve three HIF-1alpha lysines, K532, K538 and K547, and the same aligned lysines in EPAS. Only one of these lysines need to be intact for full ubiquitination to occur, analogous to the mechanism of Sic1 ubiquitination by the SCF/Cdc34 complex and further strengthening the functional link between the VHL and SCF-E3 ubiquitin ligases. We also report that lysines can be moved around the HIF-1alpha sequence with only minor losses in ubiquitination efficiency, thus suggesting HIF-1alpha and EPAS regulation by hypoxia depends primarily on an interaction with VHL per se, rather than the highly specific positioning of flanking lysine acceptors.

Oncogene 26:604-609(2007) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again