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SUMO modifications control assembly of synaptonemal complex and polycomplex in meiosis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Cheng C.H., Lo Y.H., Liang S.S., Ti S.C., Lin F.M., Yeh C.H., Huang H.Y., Wang T.F.

The synaptonemal complex (SC) is a proteinaceous complex that apparently mediates synapsis between homologous chromosomes during meiotic prophase. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the Zip1 protein is the integral component of the SC. In the absence of a DNA double-strand break or the SC initiation protein Zip3, Zip1 proteins aggregate to form a polycomplex (PC). In addition, Zip1 is also responsible for DSB-independent nonhomologous centromere coupling at early meiotic prophase. We report here that Zip3 is a SUMO (small ubiquitin-related modifier) E3 ligase and that Zip1 is a binding protein for SUMO-conjugated products. Our results also suggest that at early meiotic prophase, Zip1 interacts with Zip3-independent Smt3 conjugates (e.g., Top2) to promote nonhomologous centromere coupling. At and after mid-prophase, the Zip1 protein begins to associate with Zip3-dependent Smt3 conjugates (e.g., Red1) along meiotic chromosomes in the wild-type cell to form SCs and with Smt3 polymeric chains in the zip3 mutant to form PCs.

Genes Dev 20:2067-2081(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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