Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

A metabolic enzyme of the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase superfamily may moonlight in the nucleus as a repressor of promoter activity.

Markova N.G., Pinkas-Sarafova A., Simon M.

Transcriptional repression often depends on the action of recruited co-repressor complexes with intrinsic enzymatic activities. The composition of these complexes depends on the nicotine amide dinucleotide co-factors and is thus directly reflective of the metabolic state of the cells. This study provides evidence that an enzyme, hRoDH-E2, with cytoplasmic phosphorylated and reduced forms of NAD-dependent retinol dehydrogenase activity may function in the nucleus as a transcriptional repressor. By using the promoter of the epidermal late differentiation marker profilaggrin as a model, we show that both in vivo and in vitro the protein is recruited over the promoter. hRoDH-E2 represses profilaggrin promoter activity by altering the function of other activators, such as Sp1. The repressive function is associated with the ability of nuclear hRoDH-E2 to modulate the acetylation/deacetylation activity in the vicinity of transcription initiation site. These findings add hRoDH-E2 to the small group of metabolic enzymes, which, by being recruited over promoter regions, could directly link the cytoplasmic and nuclear functions within the cell.

J. Invest. Dermatol. 126:2019-2031(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health