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pH dependence of the peptide thiol-disulfide oxidase activity of six members of the human protein disulfide isomerase family.

Alanen H.I., Salo K.E., Pirneskoski A., Ruddock L.W.

Protein folding in the endoplasmic reticulum is often associated with the formation of native disulfide bonds, a process which in vivo is one of the rate limiting steps of protein folding and which is facilitated by the enzyme protein disulfide isomerase (PDI). Higher eukaryotes have multiple members of the PDI family, for example, seventeen human PDIs have been reported to date. With multiple members of the same family being present, even within the same cell, the question arises as to what differential functions are they performing? To date there has been no systematic evaluation of the enzymological properties of the different members of the PDI-family. To address the question of whether different PDI family members have differing thioldisulfide chemistry, we have recombinantly expressed and purified six members of the family, PDI, PDIp, ERp57, ERp72, P5, and PDIr from a single organism, human. An examination of the pH-dependence and nature of the rate limiting step for the peptide thiol-disulfide oxidase activity of these enzymes reveals that, with the exception of PDIr, they are all remarkably similar. In the light of this data potential differential functions for these enzymes are discussed.

Antioxid. Redox Signal. 8:283-291(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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