Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

The lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (LRP) adapter protein GULP mediates trafficking of the LRP ligand prosaposin, leading to sphingolipid and free cholesterol accumulation in late endosomes and impaired efflux.

Kiss R.S., Ma Z., Nakada-Tsukui K., Brugnera E., Vassiliou G., McBride H.M., Ravichandran K.S., Marcel Y.L.

One of the conserved functional pathways linked to engulfment of apoptotic corpses involves two membrane proteins low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (LRP) and ABCA1 and the LRP adapter protein GULP. Because LRP and ABCA1 play roles in cellular lipid trafficking and efflux, here we addressed whether the third member, the LRP adapter protein GULP, also affects cellular lipid transport. Several lines of evidence show that overexpression of GULP causes glycosphingolipid and free cholesterol accumulation in the late endosome/lysosome compartment that is accompanied by down-regulation of ABCA1 and decreased efflux. Conversely, knockdown of endogenous GULP expression promoted cholesterol flux through the late endosomes and up-regulation of ABCA1, even in the context of a disease state such as Niemann-Pick Type C disease. Mechanistically, we were able to show that trafficking of the LRP ligands alpha2-macroglobulin and prosaposin, a protein cofactor necessary for glycosphingolipid degradation, are impaired in cells expressing full-length GULP protein, resulting in glycosphingolipid and free cholesterol accumulation in the late endosome/lysosome compartment. On the other hand, knockdown of endogenous GULP results in enhanced targeting of prosaposin and enhanced clearance of glycosphingolipids and cholesterol from the late endosomes. Taken together, these data reveal that GULP/LRP/ABCA1 represents a triad of molecules involved in engulfment and cellular lipid homeostasis.

J. Biol. Chem. 281:12081-12092(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again