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Drosophila melanogaster gamma-TuRC is dispensable for targeting gamma-tubulin to the centrosome and microtubule nucleation.

Verollet C., Colombie N., Daubon T., Bourbon H.M., Wright M., Raynaud-Messina B.

In metazoans, gamma-tubulin acts within two main complexes, gamma-tubulin small complexes (gamma-TuSCs) and gamma-tubulin ring complexes (gamma-TuRCs). In higher eukaryotes, it is assumed that microtubule nucleation at the centrosome depends on gamma-TuRCs, but the role of gamma-TuRC components remains undefined. For the first time, we analyzed the function of all four gamma-TuRC-specific subunits in Drosophila melanogaster: Dgrip75, Dgrip128, Dgrip163, and Dgp71WD. Grip-motif proteins, but not Dgp71WD, appear to be required for gamma-TuRC assembly. Individual depletion of gamma-TuRC components, in cultured cells and in vivo, induces mitotic delay and abnormal spindles. Surprisingly, gamma-TuSCs are recruited to the centrosomes. These defects are less severe than those resulting from the inhibition of gamma-TuSC components and do not appear critical for viability. Simultaneous cosilencing of all gamma-TuRC proteins leads to stronger phenotypes and partial recruitment of gamma-TuSC. In conclusion, gamma-TuRCs are required for assembly of fully functional spindles, but we suggest that gamma-TuSC could be targeted to the centrosomes, which is where basic microtubule assembly activities are maintained.

J. Cell Biol. 172:517-528(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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