Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

Characterization of a novel, cytokine-inducible carboxypeptidase D isoform in haematopoietic tumour cells.

O'Malley P.G., Sangster S.M., Abdelmagid S.A., Bearne S.L., Too C.K.

CPD-N is a cytokine-inducible CPD (carboxypeptidase-D) isoform identified in rat Nb2 T-lymphoma cells. The prototypic CPD (180 kDa) has three CP domains, whereas CPD-N (160 kDa) has an incomplete N-terminal domain I but intact domains II and III. CPD processes polypeptides in the TGN (trans-Golgi network) but the Nb2 CPD-N is nuclear. The present study identified a cryptic exon 1', downstream of exon 1 of the rat CPD gene, as an alternative transcription start site that encodes the N-terminus of CPD-N. Western-blot analysis showed exclusive synthesis of the 160 kDa CPD-N in rat Nb2 and Nb2-Sp lymphoma cells. Several haematopoietic cell lines including human K562 myeloma, Jurkat T-lymphoma and murine CTLL-2 cytotoxic T-cells express a 160 kDa CPD-immunoreactive protein, whereas mEL4 T-lymphoma cells express the 180 kDa CPD. The CPD-immunoreactive protein in hK562 cells is also nuclear and cytokine-inducible. In contrast, MCF-7 breast cancer cells express only the 180 kDa CPD, which is mainly in the TGN. CPD/CPD-N assays using substrate dansyl-L-alanyl-L-arginine show approx. 98% of CPD-N activity in the Nb2 nucleus, whereas MCF-7 CPD activity is enriched in the post-nuclear 10000 g pellet. The K(m) for CPD-N and CPD are 132+/-30 and 63+/-9 microM respectively. Specific activity/K(m) ratios show that dansyl-L-alanyl-L-arginine is a better substrate for CPD-N than for CPD. CPD-N has an optimal pH of 5.6 (due to domain II), whereas CPD has activity peaks at pH 5.6 (domain II) and pH 6.5-7.0 (domain I). CPD and CPD-N are inhibited non-competitively by zinc chelator 1,10-phenanthroline and competitively by peptidomimetic inhibitor DL-2-mercaptomethyl-3-guanidinoethylthiopropanoic acid. The Nb2 CPD-N co-immunoprecipitated with phosphatase PP2A (protein phosphatase 2A) and alpha4 phosphoprotein. In summary, a cytokine-inducible CPD-N is selectively expressed in several haematopoietic tumour cells. Nuclear CPD-N is enzymatically active and interacts with known partners of CPD.

Biochem. J. 390:665-673(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health