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AIP1/WDR1 supports mitotic cell rounding.

Fujibuchi T., Abe Y., Takeuchi T., Imai Y., Kamei Y., Murase R., Ueda N., Shigemoto K., Yamamoto H., Kito K.

The actin cytoskeleton plays a fundamental role in configuring cell shapes and movements. Actin interacting protein 1 (AIP1)/tryptophan-aspartate-repeat protein 1 (WDR1) induces actin severing and disassembly cooperating with ADF/cofilin. We found that mitotic cell flattening but not rounding was manifested by suppression of AIP1/WDR1 in cells. This mitotic cell flattening was not due to any changes in phosphorylation and distribution of cofilin in cells. We carried out a direct observation of actin filament severing/disassembly assay and found that phosphorylated cofilin still somewhat severs/disassembles actin filaments and that AIP1/WDR1 effaces this in vitro. We suggest that the phosphorylation of ADF/cofilin will be insufficient to completely inhibit actin turnover during mitosis, and that AIP1/WDR1 could abort the severing/disassembly activity somewhat still carried out due to phosphorylated ADF/cofilin. This mechanism could be required to induce cell morphologic changes, especially mitotic cell rounding.

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 327:268-275(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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