Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

The beginnings of mucin biosynthesis: the crystal structure of UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase-T1.

Fritz T.A., Hurley J.H., Trinh L.B., Shiloach J., Tabak L.A.

UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferases (ppGaNTases) initiate the formation of mucin-type, O-linked glycans by catalyzing the transfer of alpha-N-acetylgalactosamine from UDP-GalNAc to Ser or Thr residues of core proteins to form the Tn antigen (GalNAc-alpha-1-O-Ser/Thr). ppGaNTases are unique among glycosyltransferases in containing a C-terminal lectin domain. We present the x-ray crystal structure of a ppGaNTase, murine ppGaNTase-T1, and show that it folds to form distinct catalytic and lectin domains. The association of the two domains forms a large cleft in the surface of the enzyme that contains a Mn2+ ion complexed by invariant D209 and H211 of the "DXH" motif and by invariant H344. Each of the three potential lectin domain carbohydrate-binding sites (alpha, beta, and gamma) is located on the active-site face of the enzyme, suggesting a mechanism by which the transferase may accommodate multiple conformations of glycosylated acceptor substrates. A model of a mucin 1 glycopeptide substrate bound to the enzyme shows that the spatial separation between the lectin alpha site and a modeled active site UDP-GalNAc is consistent with the in vitro pattern of glycosylation observed for this peptide catalyzed by ppGaNTase-T1. The structure also provides a template for the larger ppGaNTase family, and homology models of several ppGaNTase isoforms predict dramatically different surface chemistries consistent with isoform-selective acceptor substrate recognition.

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 101:15307-15312(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again