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RAGE potentiates Abeta-induced perturbation of neuronal function in transgenic mice.

Arancio O., Zhang H.P., Chen X., Lin C., Trinchese F., Puzzo D., Liu S., Hegde A., Yan S.F., Stern A., Luddy J.S., Lue L.F., Walker D.G., Roher A., Buttini M., Mucke L., Li W., Schmidt A.M., Kindy M., Hyslop P.A., Stern D.M., Du Yan S.S.

Receptor for Advanced Glycation Endproducts (RAGE), a multiligand receptor in the immunoglobulin superfamily, functions as a signal-transducing cell surface acceptor for amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta). In view of increased neuronal expression of RAGE in Alzheimer's disease, a murine model was developed to assess the impact of RAGE in an Abeta-rich environment, employing transgenics (Tgs) with targeted neuronal overexpression of RAGE and mutant amyloid precursor protein (APP). Double Tgs (mutant APP (mAPP)/RAGE) displayed early abnormalities in spatial learning/memory, accompanied by altered activation of markers of synaptic plasticity and exaggerated neuropathologic findings, before such changes were found in mAPP mice. In contrast, Tg mice bearing a dominant-negative RAGE construct targeted to neurons crossed with mAPP animals displayed preservation of spatial learning/memory and diminished neuropathologic changes. These data indicate that RAGE is a cofactor for Abeta-induced neuronal perturbation in a model of Alzheimer's-type pathology, and suggest its potential as a therapeutic target to ameliorate cellular dysfunction.

EMBO J. 23:4096-4105(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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