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Hsp105alpha suppresses Hsc70 chaperone activity by inhibiting Hsc70 ATPase activity.

Yamagishi N., Ishihara K., Hatayama T.

Hsp105alpha is a mammalian member of the HSP105/110 family, a diverged subgroup of the HSP70 family. Hsp105alpha associates with Hsp70/Hsc70 as complexes in vivo and regulates the chaperone activity of Hsp70/Hsc70 negatively in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we examined the mechanisms by which Hsp105alpha regulates Hsc70 chaperone activity. Using a series of deletion mutants of Hsp105alpha and Hsc70, we found that the interaction between Hsp105alpha and Hsc70 was necessary for the suppression of Hsc70 chaperone activity by Hsp105alpha. Furthermore, Hsp105alpha and deletion mutants of Hsp105alpha that interacted with Hsc70 suppressed the ATPase activity of Hsc70, with the concomitant appearance of ATPase activity of Hsp105alpha. As the ATPase activity of Hsp70/Hsc70 is essential for the efficient folding of nonnative protein substrates, Hsp105alpha is suggested to regulate the substrate binding cycle of Hsp70/Hsc70 by inhibiting the ATPase activity of Hsp70/Hsc70, thereby functioning as a negative regulator of the Hsp70/Hsc70 chaperone system.

J. Biol. Chem. 279:41727-41733(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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