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The effect of HAMP domains on class IIIb adenylyl cyclases from Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Linder J.U., Hammer A., Schultz J.E.

The genes Rv1318c, Rv1319c, Rv1320c and Rv3645 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis are predicted to code for four out of 15 adenylyl cyclases in this pathogen. The proteins consist of a membrane anchor, a HAMP region and a class IIIb adenylyl cyclase catalytic domain. Expression and purification of the isolated catalytic domains yielded adenylyl cyclase activity for all four recombinant proteins. Expression of the HAMP region fused to the catalytic domain increased activity in Rv3645 21-fold and slightly reduced activity in Rv1319c by 70%, demonstrating isoform-specific effects of the HAMP domains. Point mutations were generated to remove predicted hydrophobic protein surfaces in the HAMP domains. The mutations further stimulated activity in Rv3645 eight-fold, whereas the effect on Rv1319c was marginal. Thus HAMP domains can act directly as modulators of adenylyl cyclase activity. The modulatory properties of the HAMP domains were confirmed by swapping them between Rv1319c and Rv3645. The data indicate that in the mycobacterial adenylyl cyclases the HAMP domains do not display a uniform regulatory input but instead each form a distinct signaling unit with its adjoining catalytic domain.

Eur. J. Biochem. 271:2446-2451(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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