Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

The role of MmpL8 in sulfatide biogenesis and virulence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Domenech P., Reed M.B., Dowd C.S., Manca C., Kaplan G., Barry C.E. III

To study the role of MmpL8-mediated lipid transport in sulfatide biogenesis, we insertionally inactivated the mmpL8 gene in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Characterization of this strain showed that the synthesis of mature sulfolipid SL-1 was interrupted and that a more polar sulfated molecule, termed SL-N, accumulated within the cell. Purification of SL-N and structural analysis identified this molecule as a family of 2,3-diacyl-alpha,alpha'-D-trehalose-2'-sulfates. This structure suggests that transport and biogenesis of SL-1 are coupled and that the final step in sulfatide biosynthesis may be the extra-cellular esterification of two trehalose 6-positions with hydroxyphthioceranic acids. To assess the effect of the loss of this anionic surface lipid on virulence, we infected mice via aerosol with the MmpL8 mutant and found that, although initial replication rates and containment levels were identical, compared with the wild type, a significant attenuation of the MmpL8 mutant strain in time-to-death was observed. Early in infection, differential expression of cytokines and cytokine receptors revealed that the mutant strain less efficiently suppresses key indicators of a Th1-type immune response, suggesting an immunomodulatory role for sulfatides in the pathogenesis of tuberculosis.

J. Biol. Chem. 279:21257-21265(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again