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A complex of chaperones and disulfide isomerases occludes the cytosolic face of the translocation protein Sec61p and affects translocation of the prion protein.

Stockton J.D., Merkert M.C., Kellaris K.V.

Secretion of newly synthesized proteins across the mammalian rough endoplasmic reticulum (translocation) is supported by the membrane proteins Sec61p and TRAM, but may also include accessory factors, depending on the particular translocation substrate. Studies designed to investigate the binding of anti-peptide antibodies to the carboxyl terminus of the alpha-subunit of Sec61 (Sec61palpha) lead us to the isolation of a complex of proteins that occlude the cytosolic face of Sec61palpha in microsomes that have been prepared by standard protocols used to study translocation in vitro [Walter, P., and Blobel, G. (1983) Methods Enzymol. 96, 84-93]. This complex was shown by nanospray tandem mass spectrometry to be composed of protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), calcium binding protein 1 (CABP1/P5), 72 kDa endoplasmic reticulum protein (ERp72), and BiP (heat shock protein A5/HSPA5), and has been named TR-PDI for "translocon-resident protein disulfide isomerase complex". This constitutes a novel location for these proteins, which are known to be major constituents of the lumen of the rough endoplasmic reticulum. We have not established the function of TR-PDI at this location, but did observe that the absence of this complex results in a relative loss of correct topology of prion protein insertion across RER membranes, indicating the possibility of a functional role in vivo.

Biochemistry 42:12821-12834(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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