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Cell adhesion to fibrillin-1 molecules and microfibrils is mediated by alpha 5 beta 1 and alpha v beta 3 integrins.

Bax D.V., Bernard S.E., Lomas A., Morgan A., Humphries J., Shuttleworth C.A., Humphries M.J., Kielty C.M.

Fibrillins are the major glycoprotein components of microfibrils that form a template for tropoelastin during elastic fibrillogenesis. We have examined cell adhesion to assembled purified microfibrils, and its molecular basis. Human dermal fibroblasts exhibited Arg-Gly-Asp and cation-dependent adhesion to microfibrils and recombinant fibrillin-1 protein fragments. Strong integrin alpha 5 beta 1 interactions with fibrillin ligands were identified, but integrin alpha v beta 3 also contributed to cell adhesion. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis confirmed the presence of abundant alpha 5 beta 1 and some alpha v beta 3 receptors on these cells. Adhesion to microfibrils and to Arg-Gly-Asp containing fibrillin-1 protein fragments induced signaling events that led to cell spreading, altered cytoskeletal organization, and enhanced extracellular fibrillin-1 deposition. Differences in cell shape when plated on fibrillin or fibronectin implied substrate-specific alpha 5 beta 1-mediated cellular responses. An Arg-Gly-Asp-independent cell adhesion sequence was also identified within fibrillin-1. Adhesion and spreading of smooth muscle cells on fibrillin ligands was enhanced by antibody-induced beta1 integrin activation. A375-SM melanoma cells bound Arg-Gly-Asp-containing fibrillin-1 protein fragments mainly through alpha v beta 3, whereas HT1080 cells used mainly alpha 5 beta 1. This study has shown that fibrillin microfibrils mediate cell adhesion, that alpha 5 beta 1 and alpha v beta 3 are both important but cell-specific fibrillin-1 receptors, and that cellular interactions with fibrillin-1 influence cell behavior.

J. Biol. Chem. 278:34605-34616(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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