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Expression and characterization of a 5-oxo-6E,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid receptor highly expressed on human eosinophils and neutrophils.

Jones C.E., Holden S., Tenaillon L., Bhatia U., Seuwen K., Tranter P., Turner J., Kettle R., Bouhelal R., Charlton S., Nirmala N.R., Jarai G., Finan P.

Using a bioinformatics approach, we have isolated a novel G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), R527, and have demonstrated that this receptor shows no significant homology to previously deorphanized GPCRs. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis of the expression of GPCR R527 indicated a very high level of mRNA expression in eosinophils, with high expression also detected in neutrophils and lung macrophages. Stable cell lines were generated expressing this receptor together with the G-protein alpha-subunit G alpha(16). These cells were used to screen an agonist collection in a calcium mobilization assay and 5-oxo-6E,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-oxo-ETE) was identified as a putative ligand. 5(S)-hydroxyperoxy-6E,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid was also shown to activate the receptor, whereas the leukotrienes LTB(4), LTC(4), LTD(4), and LTE(4) failed to elicit a response. In cAMP assays, pertussis toxin reversed the inhibitory effects of 5-oxo-ETE on cAMP production, indicating that the receptor is G alpha(i)-coupled. The GPCR R527 shows pharmacological properties similar to those of the previously described 5-oxo-ETE receptor expressed on eosinophils, neutrophils, and monocytes. These cell types show chemotactic responses to 5-oxo-ETE, and this eicosanoid has been proposed to play a key role in the inflammatory response. The molecular identification of a receptor binding 5-oxo-ETE will expand our understanding of the physiological role of this mediator and may provide new therapeutic opportunities.

Mol. Pharmacol. 63:471-477(2003) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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