Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

Acute-phase, but not constitutive serum amyloid A (SAA) is chemotactic for cultured human aortic smooth muscle cells.

Kumon Y., Hosokawa T., Suehiro T., Ikeda Y., Sipe J.D., Hashimoto K.

The human serum amyloid A (SAA) protein family is subclassified as acute phase SAA (A-SAA), which comprises the SAA1 and SAA2 allelic variants, and constitutive SAA (C-SAA), which is the SAA4 isoform. Extrahepatic production of A-SAA occurs in many organs and tissues of the body, including smooth muscle cells (SMC) of the aorta. A-SAA has been shown to act locally as a chemoattractant for neutrophils, monocytes and lymphocytes via the N-formyl peptide receptor-like (fPRL1). In order to gain further understanding of the physiological significance of local production of A-SAA by SMC, the effect of exogenous A-SAA on the in vitro migration of human aortic SMC was investigated. Increased SMC migration in the presence of A-SAA was detectable after six hours and continued to increase up to 24 hours after incubation. The increased migration was dose-dependent over the concentration range 10 to 100 micrograms/ml. The mode of A-SAA stimulated SMC migration was by chemotaxis not chemokinesis. Exogenous constitutive SAA (C-SAA) did not affect SMC migration. Stimulation of SMC migration by A-SAA was inhibited by both polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies to human SAA1 and also by the inhibitors of fPRL1 signaling, wortmannin, bisindolylmaleimide and pertussis toxin. The results herein indicate that A-SAA, but not C-SAA, may serve as an autocrine factor to influence SMC migration in situations of aortic tissue injury and inflammation.

Amyloid 9:237-241(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again