Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

Familial idiopathic methemoglobinemia revisited: original cases reveal 2 novel mutations in NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase.

Percy M.J., Gillespie M.J.S., Savage G., Hughes A.E., McMullin M.F., Lappin T.R.J.

In 1943, the first description of familial idiopathic methemoglobinemia in the United Kingdom was reported in 2 members of one family. Five years later, Quentin Gibson (then of Queen's University, Belfast, Ireland) correctly identified the pathway involved in the reduction of methemoglobin in the family, thereby describing the first hereditary trait involving a specific enzyme deficiency. Recessive congenital methemoglobinemia (RCM) is caused by a deficiency of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH)-cytochrome b5 reductase. One of the original propositi with the type 1 disorder has now been traced. He was found to be a compound heterozygote harboring 2 previously undescribed mutations in exon 9, a point mutation Gly873Ala predicting a Gly291Asp substitution, and a 3-bp in-frame deletion of codon 255 (GAG), predicting loss of glutamic acid. A brother and a surviving sister are heterozygous; each bears one of the mutations. Thirty-three different mutations have now been recorded for RCM. The original authors' optimism that RCM would provide material for future genetic studies has been amply justified.

Blood 100:3447-3449(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again