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A secreted form of human ADAM9 has an alpha-secretase activity for APP.

Hotoda N., Koike H., Sasagawa N., Ishiura S.

ADAM9 (MDC9, meltrin gamma) is a member of the ADAM family of metalloproteases, which play important roles in cell-cell fusion, intracellular signaling, and other cellular functions. Here we cloned a novel form of human ADAM9, designated hADAM9s (s for short), which lacks the carboxyl-terminus. Human ADAM9s was found to be secreted from transfected COS cells. RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that the mRNA for hADAM9s is expressed in human brain, liver, heart, kidney, lung, and trachea. When hADAM9s was co-expressed in COS cells with APP and treated with phorbol ester, the APP was digested exclusively at the alpha-secretory site. These results suggest that hADAM9s has an alpha-secretase-like activity for APP. Non-amyloidgenic cleavage of APP may occur at the plasma membrane. Our new results support a new therapeutic strategy to decrease in the Abeta content by directly activating ADAM9 in the extracellular space.

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 293:800-805(2002) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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